China plans to regulate deep synthesis technology

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Internet Companies Illustration: VCG

The Cyberspace Administration of China (GAC) is considering the regulation of deep synthesis technology in China, to protect people’s legitimate rights and interests.

The draft, which was posted on the GAC’s official website on Friday, says deep synthesis service providers should strengthen training data management, ensure data processing is lawful and appropriate, and take necessary steps to ensure data security.

If the training data contains data involving personal information, it must also comply with relevant regulations on the protection of personal information, and the personal information must not be processed unlawfully, according to the draft.

When a deep synthesis service provider offers extensive editing functions for biometric information such as face and human voice, consent must be sought before editing the information, the project explains.

The draft set the deadline for comments for February 28, 2022.

The aim of the document is to guide this technology onto a healthy development path, prevent risks and promote its positive role in technological application, said Zuo Xiaodong, vice president of the China Institute for Research on information security, at the Global Times.

According to Zuo, deep synthesis is a typical application of artificial intelligence technology. It was once commonly referred to as “deep-fake” because it could be used to fake audio and video content that did not exist, posing potential national security issues.

But this technology has many positive applications, such as film and television production, digital adaptation and helping the voiceless. In this case, the technology does not use “deepfake”, but a neutral “deep synthesis”, he explained.

China is set to strengthen the security assessment of new Internet-related technologies and applications using voice-based social networking and deep counterfeiting technology.

In March last year, Chinese regulators summoned a total of 11 major Chinese internet companies, including Tencent, Xiaomi and Kuaishou, to strengthen the security assessment of voice software and new internet technologies and applications involving a deep fake technology.

The Global Times previously reported that the latest example of deep fake is Avatarify, a face-changing app adopting AI to allow users to replace their own face with other people’s facial graphics for photography or filmmaking. videos. The app went viral on TikTok in February 2021 and has already had over 1.5 million downloads, according to media reports. But the app was removed from Apple’s App Store in China on March 2 due to privacy concerns.

Local police in Zhengzhou, central China’s Henan Province, warned in March 2021 that face-changing software poses certain security risks, such as leaking personal information, and that it is It is common for this technology to be used in illegal and criminal areas, and the videos produced are often suspected of being pornographic and obscene.

China has made efforts to improve data security. The country has issued regulations targeting algorithm recommendations, which will take effect on March 1, with the aim of promoting the sustainable development of algorithm services and strengthening supervision to ensure long-term market order.

In January, China’s top regulators issued a directive regulating various aspects of online platform companies, including their investments in financial institutions, big data-based price discrimination against customers and monopolistic behavior, to promote the healthy and sustained development of the industry.

In August last year, China passed its Personal Information Protection Law, marking the latest addition to the regulatory framework the country has created for the growing digital economy.

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