Pakistan should ease tensions with Kabul and build consensus (ICG report –
BRUSSELS: Pakistan has received a number of suggestions on how to resolve the current crisis in Afghanistan through the International crisis group in its recent report.
Three of these suggestions are crucial in the report “Pakistan: Underpinning the Afghanistan Peace Process”.
The ICG report advised Pakistan to ease tensions with the government in Kabul and build trust with the Ghani administration for cooperation.
According to ICG, the early withdrawal of NATO forces is undermining Pakistan’s peace efforts and efforts to facilitate the alleged return of the Taliban to Kabul through power-sharing agreements.
Pakistan should pressure the Taliban to reduce violence across the Afghan Taliban who reside in Pakistan, the report suggests.
“A collapsing Afghanistan could embolden Pakistani militant groups, especially the Pakistani Taliban, and threaten a further massive influx of Afghan refugees. Islamabad tried to persuade its Afghan Taliban allies to opt for a peacefully negotiated political settlement. His failure in this endeavor would strain his ties to Washington and Kabul, ”the ICG report said.
It was added that Pakistan supported the Afghan peace process, in large part because he is a longtime ally of the Taliban who can use the talks as a path to power with international legitimacy and the economic support that comes with it.
Biden’s decision, announced on April 14, 2021, to withdraw all U.S. troops by September 11, even in the absence of a political settlement, has tightened timelines for moving the peace process forward before the conflict will only intensify, as seems likely, following the withdrawal, ICG said.
The report acknowledges that Islamabad faces renewed pressure from Kabul and Washington to “at least convince the Taliban” to reduce violence to ensure negotiations continue as foreign soldiers leave, and insurgents appear determined to use force to seize power and install an Islamic regime. system of government.
“Indefinitely blocked negotiations would worsen tensions with Kabul and could damage Islamabad’s relations with Washington – a serious concern for Pakistani military leaders,” he said, stressing that China, the closest foreign partner to the country. Pakistan, probably also prefers that Islamabad strive to produce a more stable result. than a victory of the Taliban followed by an attempt at monopoly domination.
“A failure of the peace process could trigger an all-out civil war in Afghanistan and a massive influx of refugees into Pakistani territory. The violence in Afghanistan would also spread to Pakistan. In the worst-case scenario, a military takeover by the Taliban in Kabul, Pakistan would be faced with the dilemma of dealing with its ally at the head of a regime that would benefit from limited external support and – most importantly – very limited financial assistance, ”the report concludes.